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Beginners Guide to Mutual Funds

A mutual fund is a vehicle to hold other kinds of investments; when you invest in a mutual fund, you are contributing to a large pool of money from other investors like you, which the fund manager uses to buy stocks, bonds, and other assets. Mutual funds are an attractive option for long-term investors because they facilitate diversification. Diversification is key when it comes to risk management in investing. Mutual funds typically invest in 25 to 100 securities; this ensures the highest possible return at the lowest risk. Another significant benefit of investing in mutual funds is that you can start with a relatively small amount without requiring a brokerage account. Here are some of the points to keep in mind before investing in mutual funds:


You must have a bank account and be KYC compliant to be eligible to invest in mutual funds. It is recommended to pay off your debts-credit card debts and other loans before investing in mutual funds. Paying off credit card debts with high-interest rates quicker is always the best strategy to follow if you want to reach financial independence faster. Before investing, also make sure that you have adequate life insurance coverage. Such insurances make you feel financially secure and eliminate the downside of any possible catastrophe.

Financial Goals

Determine your Financial Goals:

Mutual funds are goal-driven investments; the more you are specific about your financial goals, the more you can make the most out of a mutual fund investment. Common financial goals include a savings fund for college, car or house, retirement, and emergency funds. Also, determine your savings rate. How much do you spend and save? In order to invest more, you might have to save more. Inspect where you are spending money unnecessarily and take steps to avoid that. Getting a higher-paying job can help you in saving more. Your financial goals and savings rate can give you a general idea of how much risk you should take to accomplish those goals.

Choosing Funds:

Although mutual funds are supposed to simplify the task of investing, choosing a suitable mutual fund can be overwhelming and tedious. Assess the risk that you are comfortable taking, but keep in mind that the higher the risk, the higher the reward. You must have a general idea of how much you want to invest in fixed income securities and equity shares and how long you want to stay invested. Pick mutual funds based on the available data; only choose funds that have performed consistently well for a long period of time. It is beneficial to pick two or three different mutual fund schemes for portfolio diversification; any more than this, you might end up replicating the existing holdings.

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